Traffic School, TLSAE Test Answers ★ Alcohol, Liver's Function

Question: In general, for males it takes the liver up to ________ to process approximately one drink.
A.) 30 minutes
B.) 2 hours
C.) 1 hour
D.) 3 hours

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1 hour

Question: The __________ breaks down complex molecules into simpler parts and allows them to be carried out of the body as waste.
A.) pancreas
B.) bladder
C.) liver
D.) None of the above

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liver

Question: In general, for males it takes the liver from 75 minutes to two hours to process approximately __________?
A.) four beers
B.) a bottle of wine
C.) one ounce of liquor
D.) one sip of tequila

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one ounce of liquor

Question: Cirrhosis is a disease that affects which of the listed organs?
Cirrhosis is a disease that affects which among the following organs:
A.) Liver
B.) Kidney
C.) Stomach
D.) Pancreas

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Liver

EXPLANATION: Cirrhosis is a disease that affects Liver. Cirrhosis of the liver is diagnosed because the liver cells have died off and scar tissue has formed inside the liver.

Question: Cirrhosis of the liver is an effect of ___________
A.) A. short term alcohol use.
B.) B. long term alcohol use.
C.) C. Neither A nor B

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long term alcohol use.

Liver damage and cirrhosis of the liver is the Long-term effects of alcohol use.

Question: Which of the following is the last stage of liver disorder caused by alcoholism, which is often fatal:
A.) alcohol hepatitis
B.) delirium tremens
C.) cirrhosis
D.) hepatotoxic effect

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cirrhosis

Question: Which of the following long-term effects of alcohol abuse is irreversible?
A.) Fatty liver
B.) Cirrhosis of the liver
C.) Hormonal disruption

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Cirrhosis of the liver

Question: Prolonged use of alcohol can severely injure and potentially kill your liver cells.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE

Question: Prolonged use of alcoholic beverages has been shown to do no damage to the pancreas.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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FALSE

EXPLANATION: Prolonged hazardous drinking can result in progressive and irreversible damage to the pancreas gland. This occurs on the background of pancreatic inflammation, acinar atrophy and, ultimately, fibrosis and can result in significant exocrine and endocrine insufficiency.

Question: With the intake of alcoholic beverages, damage to your pancreas can include inflammation, atrophy and fibrosis.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE

Question: With the intake of alcoholic beverages, damage to your pancreas can include_______.
A.) inflammation
B.) atrophy
C.) fibrosis
D.) all of the above.

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all of the above.

EXPLANATION: Prolonged hazardous drinking can result in progressive and irreversible damage to the pancreas gland. This occurs on the background of pancreatic inflammation, acinar atrophy and, ultimately, fibrosis and can result in significant exocrine and endocrine insufficiency.

Question: Vision can deteriorate and body nutrition can decline as a result of liver damage.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE

Question: Vision and body nutrition improves as a result of liver damage.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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FALSE

Question: If you take aspirin in high doses and/or over a long period of time you could damage the function of your liver.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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FALSE

Aspirin at such a low dose is unlikely to damage any of your other organs. With respect to your liver, Aspirin does not generally have negative effects on the liver.

Question: If you take aspirin while you are drinking alcohol you may feel_______.
A.) very sleepy
B.) clumsy
C.) confused
D.) all of the above

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all of the above

Question: Drinking alcohol while using aspirin can_______your chance of getting stomach ulcers.
A.) decrease
B.) increase
C.) not effect
D.) all of the above

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increase

Question: Drinking alcohol while using aspirin can increase your chance of getting stomach ulcers.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE

Question: The liver is capable of oxidizing approximately_______ounce of hard liquor per hour, regardless of the size of the person
A.) three
B.) two
C.) one
D.) no

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one

Question: The liver’s function is to______ all-toxic substances from the body.
➜ The liver's function is to _______ all-toxic substances from the body.
A.) keep the same
B.) remove
C.) concentrate
D.) adversely

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remove

Question: Alcohol can cause liver damage.
Alcohol damages the liver’s primary function.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE

Question: Regardless of your size and weight, it takes your liver about ____ hour(s) to remove one drink from your system.
Your liver can remove about _____ drink(s) in one hour from your body.
A.) Three
B.) Two
C.) One
D.) No

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One

The liver can only process a fixed amount of alcohol, about one standard drink per one hour. The normal, healthy liver can metabolize (remove) only one standard drink per hour, regardless of the amount that has been consumed. The rest flows on to your heart. In one standard drink all of which contain the same amount of alcohol:
* 12 ounces of regular beer, usually about 5% alcohol
* 5 ounces of wine, about 12% alcohol
* 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits (shot of 80 proof whiskey), about 40% alcohol

Question: Some of the functions of the liver damaged by alcohol are
A.) the production of the elements of the blood clotting
B.) breaking down of large proteins
C.) the storage of vitamin A
D.) all the above.

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all the above.

Question: Some of the functions of the liver impaired by alcohol are_______.?
A.) production of blood clotting elements
B.) breaking down of large proteins
C.) storage of vitamin A
D.) all of the above.

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all of the above.

Question: Approximately____% of all alcohol consumed is metabolized by the liver.
A.) 60
B.) 70
C.) 80
D.) 90

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90

Question: Approximately 90% of all alcohol consumed is metabolized by the liver.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE

Question: Alcohol is metabolized by the_________.
A.) small intestine
B.) kidneys
C.) bladder
D.) liver

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liver

Question: Toxic substances like stimulants, depressants and hallucinogens are metabolized in the_______.
A.) heart
B.) lungs
C.) liver
D.) none of the above

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liver

Question: True or False: Alcohol can damage your liver, esophagus, stomach pancreas and heart.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE

HINT: Heavy drinking can damage vital organs including the liver, heart and pancreas. Alcohol irritates the lining of the esophagus and stomach, increasing the risk for inflammation, tearing (ulceration) and bleeding of the stomach lining. Over time, heavy drinking can damage the brain and impair memory and thinking. Alcohol's Effects on Other Body Systems. In addition to the brain, alcohol can affect other body tissues.
1. Irritates the linings of the stomach and intestine - This can lead to vomiting.
2. Increases blood flow to the stomach and intestines - This increases secretions by these organs, most notably stomach acid secretion.
3. Increases blood flow to the skin causing person to sweat and look flushed.
4. Reduces blood flow to muscles leading to muscle aches.

Question: Nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal pain are damaging effects on the ________ from alcohol abuse.
A.) Pancreas
B.) Heart
C.) Liver
D.) Stomach

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Pancreas

Question: Alcohol does not impair the primary function of the liver.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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FALSE

Question: Alcohol impairs the primary function of the liver.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE

Question: The __________ process occurring in the liver rids the bloodstream of 90% of the alcohol present and is a constant process.
A.) Metabolizing
B.) Absorption
C.) Oxidation
D.) Excretion

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Oxidation

Question: The oxidation process occurring in the liver rids the bloodstream of __________ of the alcohol present.
A.) 75%
B.) 90%
C.) 85%
D.) 80%

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90%

Question: True or False: The oxidation process occurring in the liver rids the bloodstream of 32% of the alcohol present.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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FALSE

Question: The body eliminates approximately 95% of the alcohol consumed into the body through the _________?
A.) Liver
B.) Lungs
C.) Heart
D.) Stomach

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Liver

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