★ AAA Defensive Driving / Driver Improvement - Chapter 2 Effective Visual Awareness

People who cannot see the full range of colors are referred to as being________
A.) color-blind
B.) color- limited
C.) color-indiscrete
D.) chromo-contrasting

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color-blind

The most common form of color blindness is the inability to distinguish between:
A.) blue, green
B.) red, green
C.) blue, red
D.) yellow, red

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red, green

_______________ can occur when a driver fails to notice an unexpected event.
A.) Compensating dependently
B.) Inattentional blindness
C.) Peripheral blindness
D.). Inattention perspective

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Inattentional blindness

_______________ is a technique drivers can use to detect movement such as shadows and identify potential risks just above the surface of the roadway.
______________ is a technique drivers can use to detect movement and identify potential risks just above the surface of the roadway.
A.) Side viewing
B.) Ground viewing
C.) Forward seeing
D.) Surface scanning

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Ground viewing

A visual lead is a view of everything going on ______ to ______ seconds ahead of your vehicle.
A.) two/four
B.) five/ten
C.) eight/ twelve
D.) twenty/ thirty

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Twenty/thirty

If you look away from the road for just two seconds, your chance of having a crash actually _______________.
A.) does not change
B.) double
C.) triples
D.) quandruples

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double

_______________ vision is another word for side vision.
A.) Compensating
B.) Connecting
C.) Peripheral
D.) Perspective

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Peripheral

Macular degeneration is a:
A.) deterioration of central vision.
B.) sleeping disorder where the body stops breathing.
C.) form of advanced arthritis.
D.) rear wheel skid.

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deterioration of central vision.

A condition known as ______ causes difficulty reading highways signs and seeing objects at a distance
A condition known as _______ causes difficulty reading highway signs and seeing other objects at a distance
A.) nearsightedness
B.) farsightedness
C.) macular degeneration
D.) glaucoma

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nearsightedness

Condition in which the eyeball is slightly longer than usual front to back. It causes difficulty reading highway signs and seeing other objects at a distance, but does not affect tasks such as reading or sewing.

A condition known as ______ causes difficulty reading up close, such as books and gauges on a vehicle's dashboard
A.) nearsightedness
B.) farsightedness
C.) macular degeneration
D.) glaucoma

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farsightedness

A common vision problem with which people can see distant objects very well, but have difficulty focusing on objects that are close.

Since older drivers began driving, changes have occurred in:
A.) Vehicles
B.) Roadways
C.) Driving Techniques
D.) All the above

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All the above

Novice drivers and older drivers tend to be involved in the same types of crashes
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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FALSE

Compared to younger drivers, older drivers are ________ to be injured or killed in a collision
A.) Equally likely
B.) Not likely
C.) Less likely
D.) More likely

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More likely

By age 60, drivers need ______ times as much light to see as they did at age 20
A.) two
B.) three
C.) none

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three

While driving at night most 60 year old drivers require ________ the light to see an object clearly.
A.) 10 times
B.) 3 times
C.) 25 times
D.) 50 times

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50 times

The most common cause of crashes for senior drivers is:
A.) Vehicle failure
B.) Right-of-way errors
C.) Road rage
D.) Rear-end collisions

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Right-of-way errors

Crashes that older drivers experience tend to involve factors such as vision, decision making, and issues of ____________
A.) Right-of-way
B.) Vehicle failure
C.) Road rage

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Right-of-way

True or False: Depth perception weakens as we age.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE

______ is the most common cause of vision loss in people over age 40
A.) Nearsightedness
B.) Farsightedness
C.) Macular degeneration
D.) Cataracts

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Cataracts:

The most common cause of vision loss in people over age 40 and the principal cause of blindness in the world, it causes cloudy spots or patches on the eye's natural lens.

Glaucoma:
Answer: A build-up of pressure in the eye, which can interfere with transmission of visual information to the brain. Untreated or uncontrolled, it can eventually lead to decreased ability to see at the edges of your vision (peripheral vision).

Macular Degeneration:
Answer: The leading cause of vision loss and blindness among Americans age 65 and older, it is degeneration of the macula, which is the part of the retina responsible for the sharp, central vision needed to read or drive.

The purpose of driving safety program is to increase road safety awareness by reducing traffic violations and to keep your auto insurance premiums low. Handle Speeding ticket, stop sign citation, lawyer for fighting traffic tickets & other violations.



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