★ Young Drivers, Safe Driving Practices at work Places/Child Labor

According to Federal law, anyone what age or younger is prohibited from driving on public roads as part of their job?
ANSWER: Anyone 16 or younger is prohibited from driving on public roads as part of their job.

How frequently should you take breaks when driving long distances?
ANSWER: You should take a break every two hours when driving long distances.

Where should you be alert while driving?
A.) On roads
B.) In driveways
C.) In parking lots
D.) Anywhere you drive

Get the Correct ANSWER

Anywhere you drive.

In 2015 about 2,000 people were killed in non-traffic crashes.

What is the leading cause of vehicle accidents?
ANSWER: Distracted driving is the leading cause of vehicle accidents.

Daydreaming while driving is an example of which type of distraction?
A.) Visual
B.) Auditory
C.) Cognitive
D.) Biomechanical/Manual

Get the Correct ANSWER

Daydreaming is an example of a cognitive distraction.

Knowing that texting while driving is unsafe but doing so anyway is an example of _________.
A.) Visual
B.) Auditory
C.) Cognitive
D.) Biomechanical/Manual

Get the Correct ANSWER

cognitive distraction

Looking away from the roadway to get something out of the glove box is an example of which kind of distraction?
A.) Visual
B.) Auditory
C.) Cognitive
D.) Biomechanical/Manual

Get the Correct ANSWER

Looking away from the roadway is an example of a biomechanical/manual distraction.

You heard something shift and fall onto the floorboard in the back of your vehicle, so you turn to see what it is. Which type of distraction is this?
A.) Visual
B.) Biomechanical / Manual Distraction
C.) Auditory
D.) cognitive

Get the Correct ANSWER

Auditory

Which of the following are things you should do to minimize driving risks? Select all that apply.
A.) No cell phones while driving
B.) No speeding
C.) No alcohol or drugs
D.) No driving or riding without a seat belt
E.) Minimize distractions
F.) Avoid driving at night
G.) Don't wear headphones or earplugs while driving
H.) All of the above

Get the Correct ANSWER

All of the above

Car crashes in the United States result in high costs. In what areas do these high costs occur? Select the 2 answer options that apply.
A.) Money
B.) Human Lives
C.) Sleep
D.) Work time

Get the Correct ANSWER

Money and Human Lives
EXPLANATION: Car crashes in the United States result in high costs both monetarily and in human lives. Many of these accidents occur as a result of distracted driving with cell phone usage being a leading cause of distraction.

What are the leading causes of automobile accidents?
ANSWER: For young drivers, "inexperience" is the leading cause of crashes. Being inattentive and impaired due to cell phone use, drowsiness, and drunkenness are also leading causes of car accidents.

When is the most dangerous time to drive?
What is the most dangerous time to drive?
ANSWER: At night

What is distracted driving?
ANSWER: Driving while doing anything that takes your attention away from driving, is a leading cause of vehicle accidents. Just by being a focused driver, you've reduced the leading cause of accidents. There are four different types of distractions:

What are the 4 main types of driving distractions?
What are the four different types of distractions?
1. Visual
2. Biomechanical
3. Auditory
4. cognitive

Distracted driving is a leading cause of vehicle accidents. Just by being a focused driver, you've reduced the leading cause of accidents. There are four different types of distractions:
Visual distraction: Looking away from the roadway.

Biomechanical/Manual distraction: Doing something physically that is not related to driving like reaching for something or taking your hands off the wheel.

Auditory distraction: Hearing noises that prevent you from making the best use of your hearing or that draw your attention away from driving.

Cognitive distraction: Mentally thinking about something other than driving. Texting and driving combines all four of these types of distractions into one, which increases your risk and the risk of other drivers on the road of being in an accident. Never text and drive!

The Effects of Text Messaging on Young Drivers.

Drivers also significantly increased the __________ in their lane position when sending and retrieving text messages during the car-following task. Even though this was significant, it did not reach statistical significance.
ANSWER: variability

Participants spent significantly _________ proportion of time looking inside the vehicle when texting during the retrieving and sending.
ANSWER: greater

Except where reported, none of the analyses found a ____________ main effect of drive order, nor were there any significant interactions between driver order and distraction.
ANSWER: significant

Text messaging while driving affected drivers' _________ scanning of the road, their ability to maintain time headway and lane position, and their ability to __________ lane change signs. Increases dangers by 400%
ANSWER: visual, follow

What are the four sources that distractions can come from?
1. Distractions associated with your vehicle
2. Distractions you bring into the vehicle
3. Distractions unique to you
4. Distractions outside the vehicle

What should you do if you need to make a call when driving?
If you must contact your employer or customers while on the road, pull over and do so safely.

In order to drive a vehicle for work, you must be:
1. The employee's responsibility is to be: Qualified and licensed for the vehicle you're going to drive, belted, be tailored, know how to operate the vehicle, is safe to operate.
2. Secure your Load: Ensure your loads and materials are properly secured for transport.
3. How do you drive safe: Secure your loads, avoid impaired driving, be alert of all of your surroundings, and be careful when reversing.
4. All Roadways: Be especially alert in parking lots. Make sure the parking lot is well-lit and properly maintained.
5. Reverse: Be very careful when backing up and avoid doing so when possible.

What is the number one cause of death for teens in the U.S.?
A.) Illness
B.) Falls
C.) Car crashes
D.) Electrocution

Get the Correct ANSWER

Car crashes

EXPLANATION: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reports that motor vehicle crashes are the number one cause of death for U.S. teens.

What kills more college-age men and women than all other causes combined?
A.) intentional Injuries (purposely inflicted)
B.) suicides
C.) homicides
D.) accidents (Unintentional Injuries)

Get the Correct ANSWER

accidents

According to the textbook, what is one common risk factor for accidents
ANSWER: stress

_____ refers to any non-driving activity a person engages in that has the potential to divert their attention from the primary task of driving.
ANSWER: Distracted driving

Taking one's hands off the wheel to change a station or playlist is an example of _____.
A.) Visual
B.) Biomechanical / Manual Distraction
C.) Auditory
D.) cognitive

Get the Correct ANSWER

Manual Distraction

Constance often daydreams while behind the wheel. Which type of distracted driving is this?
A.) Visual
B.) Biomechanical / Manual Distraction
C.) Auditory
D.) cognitive

Get the Correct ANSWER

cogntive

Drivers under the age of 18 can talk on the phone while driving only if using headphones, a wireless device, phone holder or mounted device.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

Get the Correct ANSWER

TRUE

Texting or talking while driving will distract the brain as well as the eyes—much more so than talking to another person while driving.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

Get the Correct ANSWER

TRUE

Many states in the United States have relaxed the usage of a cell phone to talk or text while driving.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

Get the Correct ANSWER

FALSE

The use of sleeping pills can impair driving ability, particularly in women and those who take extended-release formulations.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

Get the Correct ANSWER

TRUE

An air bag, with or without seatbelt, is the least effective means of preventing adult death while driving.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

Get the Correct ANSWER

FALSE

Who are the least likely to wear seat belts?
ANSWER: Teenagers.

Which group is less likely to wear seat belts?
ANSWER: males between the ages of 19-29

What provides the best protection against spine fractures
ANSWER: seat belts and air bags
EXPLANATION: Use of Seat belts: Seat belt use has reached an all-time high, with three in four Americans buckling up. States with seat belt laws have even higher rates of use: 80 percent. Seat belts save an estimated 9,500 lives in the United States each year.
Importance of airbags: An air bag, either with or without a seat belt, has proved the most effective means of preventing adult death, somewhat more so for women than for men. The combination of airbags and seat belts affords the best protection against spine fractures; an airbag alone decreases this risk but to a lesser extent.

Which of the following is true of road rage?
ANSWER: It is triggered by drivers' weaving, speeding, and hostile behaviors.

Which strategy is best for dealing with road rage
ANSWER: Reduce the stress in your life
EXPLANATION: Preventing Road Rage: lower stress, slow down, don't let other drivers get to you, modify bad driving habits one at a time, be courteous, never retaliate, if you do something stupid-show that you're sorry.

The number one cause of serious motor vehicle crashes is
ANSWER: alcohol use.

What are the ten items to minimize crashes that are recommended for employers from The Network of Employers for Traffic Safety (NETS)?
1. Management Commitment & Employee Involvement,
2. Written Policies & Procedures,
3. Driver Agreements,
4. Motor Vehicle Record Checks,
5. Crash Reporting & Investigation,
6. Vehicle Selection & Inspection & Maintenance,
7. Disciplinary Action System,
8. Reward/Incentive Program,
9. Driver Training,
10. Regulatory Compliance.

Licensed : Make sure you are qualified and licensed to drive the vehicle you are being asked to drive.

Driver Training : Drivers' training should be thorough, ongoing, and up to date.

Reward/Incentive Program : Rewards and incentives for safe driving can cultivate a culture of safe driving.

Vehicle Selection, Inspection, & Maintenance : All vehicles should be properly selected, inspected, and maintained.

Motor Vehicle Record Checks : A clear history for all drivers and vehicles is imperative.

Operational : Ensure that the vehicle is properly maintained and safe to operate. If you suspect there is an issue with the vehicle, notify your employer prior to driving it.

Regulatory Compliance : Compliance with safety and operational regulations is required, but will also lead to fewer accidents.

Disciplinary Action System : A meaningful disciplinary action system should be in place and followed.

Crash Reporting & Investigation : Crash reporting and investigations should be complete and up to date.

Management Commitment & Employee Involvement : Safety should be an ongoing concern and conversation between all levels of the organization.

Written Policies & Procedures : Within your company there should be materials in place detailing ways to stay safe while on the road.

Driver Agreements - A clear understanding of the employer and employee's responsibilities should be in place.

Tailored : Maximize your field of vision by adjusting all mirrors prior to operating the vehicle and clearing any window obstructions. Make sure you can safely see ahead, behind, and to the sides of the vehicle. Know that you will still have "blind zones" so be aware of them.

Title : Inexperience also affects the likelihood of you recognizing and responding appropriately to road hazards such as work zones, pedestrians, animals, and emergency vehicles. Research has shown that you only have about 3 seconds to respond to a hazard. Knowing what hazards to look for and how to respond takes experience!

How can a vehicle cause an accident? Vehicle failure can also cause an accident to happen. Some common examples of this are having a flat tire or brakes failing.

How can a driver cause an accident? An accident may occur if a driver is driving too fast, has distractions, or is drowsy.

How can the road cause an accident? The state of the road, be its design, slickness from weather conditions, or debris that may be on it, all contribute to accidents.

Lane Position : If you are distracted, the chances of you not maintaining proper lane position increase, thus raising your chances of being involved in an accident.

Missing the Signs : It takes concentration to recognize and obey traffic signals and signs. If we are distracted, the chances of us missing them goes up.

Interrupting the Flow : Impacting traffic flow for other drivers is a side effect of distracted driving, which makes the roadways unsafe not just for you, but those around you too.

Young Drivers, Safe Driving Practices at work Places/Child Labor: https://answers.way2trafficschool.com/2020/05/young-drivers-safe-driving-practices.html

Work Zone Awareness Safety

Decision Making : When distracted, our ability to make quick decisions is impaired.

Good Decisions : Inexperience impairs your ability to make good driving decisions.

Response Time : Inexperience reduces the chance of you responding appropriately in driving emergency situations like skidding.

Reaction Time : When we are distracted our ability to execute emergency maneuvers quickly and effectively diminishes.

Driving at Night : Avoid driving at night when possible since this increases your chances of having an accident.

How can the weather cause an accident? Weather conditions such as fog, rain, and snow all contribute to accidents.

About half of U.S. adult drivers admit to consistently getting behind the wheel while drowsy. Whether from fatigue or the effects of medication, driving drowsy makes you three times more likely to get in a crash. Teens are especially at risk since many do not get enough sleep at a stage in life when their biological need for sleep increases.
ANSWER: This makes them vulnerable to the risk of drowsy-driving crashes, especially on longer trips. Ideally, you should get 8-10 hours of sleep during your teen years to function at your best.

After coming down a long winding mountain road, Michael's brakes overheat and give out. Which of the four main causes of accidents is involved in this situation?
A.) Vehicle
B.) Driver
C.) Roadway
D.) Weather condition

Get the Correct ANSWER

The cause related to this situation is vehicle problems.

Eileen was responding to a text message on her way home from work when a deer ran out in front of her car. Which of the four main causes of accidents is involved in this situation?
A.) Vehicle
B.) Driver
C.) Roadway
D.) Weather condition

Get the Correct ANSWER

The cause related to this situation is the driver.

Crumbling asphalt on a busy city thoroughfare has led to potholes deep enough to snap a wheel off an axle. Which of the four main causes of accidents is involved in this situation?
A.) Vehicle
B.) Driver
C.) Roadway
D.) Weather condition

Get the Correct ANSWER

The cause related to this situation is the roadway condition.

After a night of heavy rain, a thick coating of morning fog has all but stopped the flow of morning traffic. which of the four main causes of accidents is involved in this situation?
After a night of heavy rain, a thick coating of morning fog has all but stopped traffic through the east side of town. Which of the four main causes of accidents is involved in this situation?
A.) Vehicle
B.) Driver
C.) Roadway
D.) Weather condition

Get the Correct ANSWER

The cause related to this situation is the weather conditions.

Janell's car runs out of gas in the middle of a busy highway. Which of the four main causes of accidents is involved in this situation?
A.) Vehicle
B.) Driver
C.) Roadway
D.) Weather condition

Get the Correct ANSWER

The cause related to this situation is vehicle.

You're driving across country on a roadtrip. How often should you take breaks, at a minimum? Select the best answer.
A.) every 30 mins
B.) every 1 hour
C.) every 2 hours

Get the Correct ANSWER

every 2 hours

Situational Awareness : Being distracted reduces our situational awareness, which is a critical aspect of safe driving.

Knowledgeable : Make sure you know the vehicle well enough to operate it.

Belted : In order to best protect yourself should an accident occur, make sure to buckle up your seat belt on every car trip.

Seat Belts : An easy way to stay safe while in a car is to never drive or ride in a vehicle without a seat belt.

Cell Phone : Never use a cell phone while driving. Doing so is a distraction that increases your risk of having an accident.

Extra Passengers : The more passengers in the car, the more possible distractions there are and thus more potential for danger.

Road Hazards : Inexperience also affects the likelihood of you recognizing and responding appropriately to road hazards such as work zones, pedestrians, animals, and emergency vehicles.

Alcohol or Drugs : Alcohol and drugs impair your ability to drive safely. It's also illegal to drive while under the influence of either.

Impaired Driving: Avoid driving while impaired and avoid distracted driving. This includes using navigation systems and other on-board distractions.

Driving Under the Influence : Research has shown that you only have about 3 seconds to respond to a hazard. Knowing what hazards to look for and how to respond takes experience!

Driving Drowsy : Driving under the influence of alcohol, illicit drugs, over-the-counter or prescription medications increases your risk for an accident. It is illegal in all 50 states to drive under the influence of alcohol, marijuana, opioids, methamphetamine, or any potentially impairing drug prescribed or over the counter. Alcohol contributes to more crashes and highway deaths than cocaine, heroin, and every other illegal drug combined.

AUTOMOBILE ACCIDENT STATISTICS:
Medical Treatment : In 2017, 4.6 million motor vehicle (auto mobile) injuries required medical treatment.

Vehicle Injury Costs : In 2017, motor vehicle injury costs were estimated at 433.8 Billion. These costs include wage and productivity losses, medical expenses, administrative expenses, motor-vehicle property damage, and employer costs.

Vehicle Crash Fatlities : According to the National Safety Council (NSC), more than 40,200 people died in motor vehicle crashes in 2017. Many of these fatalities involved young drivers and young vehicle occupants. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reports that motor vehicle crashes are the number one cause of death for U.S. teens.

Leading cause of distraction: cellphone usage

Research on the use of cell phones while driving indicates that
A.) the negative effect can be decreased by using "hands-free" units.
B.) the public perception that using a cell phone while driving poses a significant risk to drivers' safety is, in fact, incorrect.
C.) the problem with cell phones is that attention is distracted from the task of driving by the need to hold the phone and drive with one hand.
D.) the main effect of cell phone use on driving safety can be attributed to the fact that attention is used up by the cognitive task of talking on the phone.

Get the Correct ANSWER

the main effect of cell phone use on driving safety can be attributed to the fact that attention is used up by the cognitive task of talking on the phone.

________ in the United States result in high costs both monetarily and in human lives. Many of these accidents occur as a result of distracted driving with cell phone usage being a leading cause of distraction.
ANSWER: Car Crashes

How long do you have to react to a hazard?
ANSWER: 3 seconds.

The risk of a fatal crash is ____ times greater at night.
ANSWER: 3

You should ________ drive while impaired.
ANSWER: never

It is illegal in all __ states to drive under the influence of alcohol, marijuana, opioids, methamphetamine, or any potentially impairing drug prescribed or over the counter.
ANSWER: 50

________ contributes to more crashes and highway deaths than cocaine, heroin, and every other illegal drug combined.
ANSWER: alcohol

About _______ of U.S. adult drivers admit to consistently getting behind the wheel while drowsy.
ANSWER: half

Make sure you take breaks from driving every _____ hours to stay alert and set realistic goals for the number of miles you can drive safely each day.
ANSWER: 2

Do something, learn something, and say ____________.
ANSWER: something

What does "Non-Traffic" refer to?
ANSWER: anything that happens off public roads or highways, generally in parking lots or driveways.

What are the 4 most common reasons for car accidents?
ANSWER: The driver, the vehicle, the road, the weather.

What raises the chances of an accident?
ANSWER: Speeding or going too fast for the driving conditions (roadway, weather, traffic).

What can an inexperienced driver lack?
ANSWER: Good decisions, response time, and road hazards.

What are three ways to cultivate driving habits that keep you and others safe?
ANSWER: Good decision making, good response times, and staying alert to your surroundings with an eye out for possible hazards.

What are the two most common types of impairment?
ANSWER: Driving under the influence and driving drowsy.

What are five ways you can do something to reduce those risks?
ANSWER: Avoid driving at night, avoid extra passengers, avoid alcohol and drugs, wear seatbelts, and never using your phone while driving.

Driving on the Job: There are a variety of important regulations in place when you drive for a living. Make sure that you understand and keep to the guidelines.

How to Stay Safe on the Road: Do something, learn something, and say something. Do something today to be a better driver. Learn more about what it means to stay safe, stay alert and to anticipate dangers. Say something: speak up for yourself and your friends and family.

Causes of Accidents and Risk Factors: Some of the most common types of accident causes are the driver of a vehicle, the vehicle itself, the road condition, and the weather. Inexperience, risky driving, and impaired driving also increase the chances of having an accident. While some of these causes are beyond your control, causes related to you, the driver, can and should be addressed.

The purpose of driving safety program is to increase road safety awareness by reducing traffic violations and to keep your auto insurance premiums low. Handle Speeding ticket, stop sign citation, lawyer for fighting traffic tickets & other violations.



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